The Book of Hebrews
1.Written by whom?There is no real agreement among scholars about who authored Hebrews. The main contenders are:A. The apostle Paul (written in Hebrew, translated into Greek by Luke)B. Barnabas (he was a Levite, and knew Timothy)The writer was very knowledgeable about Jewish rituals, including sacrifices.
2.Written when and where?•While there are no clues about where it was written, chapter 13, verse 24 says “Those from Italy send you their greetings”, so possibly there were some Italian believers present with the writer. It must have been written before AD70, because there is no mention of the fall of Jerusalem. Also, the author consistently uses the present tense when speaking of the temple activities.
3.Written to whom?•No specific group of people is mentioned. However, it was probably Jewish converts living in Rome.4.What form?•It is not a letter in the usual way letters were written. Some commentaries suggest that this book might have been a sermon, either preached earlier and written down or one being written just for his readers.5.What’s it about?•The theme of Hebrews is Jesus, and is to show that he is absolutely supreme, and that he is all that is needed for salvation. Believers must stick with what they know is true and persist in their faithfulness. The writer makes it clear: Jesus is better, in all ways, in all things.6.Written for what purpose?•It is possible that the Christians were considering merging with a Jewish cult, or were being tempted to revert back to Judaism, or to Judaize the gospel. The writer told them that there was no turning back, no continuation of the old Jewish system.